Aesthetic - is it beautiful? The meaning of the word "aesthetic"
What is "aesthetic"? This word is usually referred to the category of evaluations of something beautiful, bringing moral satisfaction. Let's consider the expression in more detail.
The Science of the Beautiful
As you know, the science of beauty is calledaesthetics. This scientific direction studies the objects of beauty in nature and the world of people. Translated from the ancient Greek language, this word denotes "reasonable feeling", which is associated with the perception of an object or phenomenon from the world around us.
In this case, the aesthetic is the object related to the given science. As for the semantic meaning, it is connected with the sensory perception of the world, the definition of beauty in it.
This very expression in this interpretation was first used in the works of German philosophers of the middle of the century before last.
Categories of aesthetics
There is a sufficiently large number of categories of aesthetics. According to one of the classifications, these are categories such as tragic and comic, ugly and beautiful, and so on.
According to another classification, they include categories of aesthetic value, object, essence, experience.
Finally, there is such a thing as an aesthetic personality.
In this key is understood a person whohas a developed aesthetic taste, the ability to experience the objects of beauty in life, knowledge in this field, the hierarchy of aesthetic values, and the desire to work in the field of beauty.
Also aesthetic is also related tothe field of art. Therefore, there is a whole section of science that is associated with aesthetics, the philosophy of culture and art. These directions are quite popular today.
In Russian philosophy there is a representation according to which the aesthetic is a kind of center of sensual awareness of the world, its experience and understanding.
Directions of aesthetic knowledge
To date, there is a large number of different areas of aesthetic knowledge.
There is, for example, a philosophy of art thatconsiders the questions of the ontological comprehension of the beautiful, there is a history of aesthetics that studies how the ideal of beauty has changed over the centuries, which determines the essence of ancient aesthetics, the aesthetics of the Middle Ages, and so on.
Developed such a direction as the psychology of aesthetics, which seeks to understand the laws by which the human personality tends to experience the beautiful.
Thus, the aesthetic is related to this science. It can be an ideal, a subject, an object, and so on.