Relations in society: sexism is ...
In society for the whole time of its existencethere were certain stereotypes. For example, a man must have masculinity, a woman - femininity. Such stereotypes exist in society since ancient times. Today, such judgments are referred to such a direction as sexism. This movement manifests itself in different ways. Next, we will analyze in more detail what the current is.
Sexism is a worldview, straightforwardthe opposite of the feminist movement. In the latter the equality of the sexes is considered. Sexism is, more simply, a clear division between rights, depending on gender. Sometimes such a worldview can be expressed in the form of mizogony (hatred of the ladies) or mizandriya (rejection of men). A person who adheres to such views is a sexist. This world view is usually manifested in two forms, in particular male and female chauvinism.
Manifestations in society
Followers of the movement are discriminated againstby gender. Every day a person faces different prejudices. If someone does not agree with the established framework, then society will react to it disapprovingly or simply will not understand it. This is the gender policy inherent in this movement. Some of the prejudices are more about the weaker sex, others are stronger.
Stereotypes about men
The representative of the stronger sex is the breadwinner, therefore he should bring the main income to the family. He also has the duty to pay joint entertainment with the chosen one.
In the case of the birth of a child, a man must provide it, even if he does not want it. This applies to those moments when the woman became pregnant specially, resorting to cheating partner.
In terms of sexual relations, men have morefreedom. It is considered normal that he may have sexual intercourse before marriage and outside it. In society it is accepted that a man should first get acquainted with a woman, dominate in everything. This also applies to sexual contact.
Men are not in vain called "strong" sex. They must be self-confident, have an imperious character and a certain amount of aggression. There are some purely "male" educational institutions. So until 2008 were Suvorov's schools, which were accepted only by young men. The same applies to conscription. The male segment of the population is liable for military service. Accordingly, in educational institutions the norms of loads are much higher.
Representatives of the stronger sex should take off their headgear when they enter some rooms, for example, in the church, or when the anthem sounds. Physically, men are considered stronger.
The problems of discrimination against women
Most often the representative of the weaker sex is onlyperforms the role of a sexual object without rights. Accordingly, there can be no obligations to it. It is often believed that a woman should not have fun during sex. For a man, she is just a matter of meeting her needs. In some countries, women are circumcised. They remove the main erogenous zones (for example, the clitoris and small labia). A lady will be judged if she has sexual relations before marriage or has several partners. In relationships, a woman should not first get acquainted, make decisions. It should be weak, submissive and softer.
In countries where abortion is allowed, the last word is always the woman. Men's opinion often does not solve anything.
In the domestic sphere, cooking, washing, cleaning, etc. are purely female duties.
The same applies to the fact that children are brought upmainly only the mother. She is given maternity leave for child care, as well as sick leave if he is sick. In case of divorce, children are almost always left with a woman. Often such a decision is made, despite its material and social situation.
Not all women have a selectiveright. In some States, the death penalty or life imprisonment is not applied to women. They can receive parcels in unlimited quantities. And the judgments of the court towards them are more loyal. There are countries where women bear heavier punishment for their misdeeds.
In a number of countries, the fairer sex can not even volunteer in the army. The norms of loads in educational institutions are much lower for them than for men.
In churches and at some events, women should be with their heads covered.
Gender discrimination in the labor market
In our time there is some division of professionsdepending on the sex of the person. There is a prohibition (or disapproval from others) on the right to engage in a certain type of activity by sex. The stronger sex is almost always higher earnings. This is especially true of occupations in which only men work.
Ladies have a lower-paying job. This is manifested even in those areas where both women and men can be involved. The difference in their wages can be from 16% or more. Those professions that are considered female are also paid less.
Sexism is a phenomenon that oftenmanifests itself to the ladies quite rigidly. In particular, this concerns the inability to build a career and climb the career ladder to higher positions. This attitude towards a woman is defined by the American term "glass ceiling". Retired men go later than women, although the life expectancy of the stronger sex, as a rule, is less.
Some beliefs related to men,are by no means the machinations of women or feminists. It is interesting that many of the restrictions are prescribed in the laws created by state bodies, where mostly the representatives of the stronger sex work. Some scholars believe that these stereotypes are a consequence of the patriarchy. Moreover, they restrict both women and men.
Sexism is, of course, not the only thing, althoughand a fairly stable current in society. There are directions, whose followers oppose established stereotypes. Antisexist movements are prevalent mainly in Western countries. They include:
- Political currents of the left kind.
- "Informal" movements (hippies, anarchists, etc.).
But sexism still does not give up position, and in some places and strengthens them ...