Colitis. Symptoms. Types of colitis

Colitis is a fairly common inflammatory disease of the colon mucosa. Everyone at least once experienced the symptoms of colitis.

The large intestine is very important andthe responsible site of the digestive system and even a slight malfunction in it can affect the state of the body as a whole. In the large intestine, bacteria that actively participate in the digestive process live. The main function of the colon is to promote the digestive mass through the intestines, as well as sucking the liquid, digesting food with enzymes.

There are two types of colitis: acute and chronic. They are completely different in the symptoms and methods of treatment.

Acute colitis. Symptoms and Treatment

Cause acute colitis, usually intestinalinfection, food poisoning, allergy or intolerance of any medicine, stress and malaise. Quite often, acute colitis can cause common infections. This disease can develop due to violation of basic rules of hygiene and sanitation. There are several types of this disease: ulcerative, catarrhal, erosive and fibrinous.

Symptoms

This sudden disease is manifested by diarrhea,nausea, vomiting, cramping pain in the abdomen. Also, patients are concerned about weakness, deterioration of well-being, increase in temperature. Vomiting and diarrhea are a kind of protective reaction of the body, trying to get rid of the poisons that got inside. The disease lasts from a few days to 2-3 weeks.

Treatment

- Abundant drink;

- Fasting and a strict diet;

- Activated charcoal, which reduces toxins;

- Reception of enzyme preparations that envelop and adsorb substances;

- Physiotherapy treatment.

Prevention

Compliance with sanitation and hygiene rules. Rational nutrition, a healthy lifestyle.

Catarrhal colitis. Symptoms

This disease is accompanied by swelling of the mucous membrane, accompanied by necrosis and hemorrhage, the intestinal lumen narrows and the integrity of the epithelium is disturbed.

Symptoms of this ailment are fatigue, irritability, abdominal pain, flatulence, weakness, diarrhea, or constipation.

After catarrhal, fibrinous colitis occurs,the symptoms of which are similar to the symptoms of acute colitis, and replaces the ulcerative. That is why a person needs to contact the doctor who will prescribe the treatment in a timely manner, otherwise the ulceration will begin to regenerate and the disease will change into a chronic form.

Ulcerative colitis. Symptoms. Treatment

This disease manifests itself in bleeding in the rectum, diarrhea and other complaints that depend on the intensity of the inflammation and the degree of the disease.

Doctors divide ulcerative colitis into several subspecies: ulcerative proctitis, proctosigmoiditis, sigmoiditis, pancolitis, and fulminant colitis.

Ulcerative proctitis is an inflammation of the rectum.

Proctosigmoiditis is inflammation of the sigmoid thick and inflammation of the rectum.

Pancolitis is an inflammation of the entire colon.

Lightning colitis is a heavier form, the treatment of which is made with hospitalization.

Chronic colitis. Symptoms

Symptoms of chronic colitis are diarrhea (less often, constipation), abdominal pain, flatulence, rumbling, and increased fatigue.

Treatment

- Diet;

- Taking medications as directed by a doctor.

Prevention

Compliance with diet, limited intake of alcohol, timely treatment.

Complications

The most dangerous colitis complications that canexpressed bleeding, pyelonephritis, peritonitis and other serious diseases. It should be remembered that, first of all, it is necessary to follow a strict diet and undergo a course of treatment, which should appoint only a specialist for the results of tests and examinations.

Never do self-medication!

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