Postinjection complications: hematoma, infiltrate, abscess after injection

Abscess after the injection, produced asintramuscularly, and subcutaneously, unfortunately, is by no means a rarity. From this post-injection complication, you should not try to get rid yourself, you should always consult a doctor.

Complications after injections occur in many people. The easiest of the possible - a hematoma, a small hemorrhage. It occurs because of the needle entering the blood vessel, or in the case when the drug is administered too quickly. Not having time to spread in tissues, it squeezes nearby small vessels, because of what they can burst. Hematoma is not dangerous to the health of the patient and can only represent an inconvenience from an aesthetic point of view. Special treatment, it does not require, but you can try rubbing into the bruise ointment - Troxevasin or heparin, so that it quickly resolved.

Often, after injections, an infiltrate occurs,which is a seal at the injection site. Usually it appears in cases when the rules of asepsis were violated during the manipulation or an inappropriate needle was used (for example, a short needle intended for subcutaneous injections was administered intramuscularly). In former times, when injections were made with reusable syringes, this complication arose much more often, since the needles eventually became blunted. With the advent of disposable syringes, their frequency has significantly decreased. In addition to the above reasons, infiltration can occur due to incorrect choice of site for injection, or as a result of multiple injections with a long course of treatment.

It is possible to get rid of infiltration with the help of bothmedicinal, and folk remedies. A good effect is given by compresses with magnesia, camphor oil, dimexide. Dimexide must be diluted with water (1: 3). Of folk remedies, you can use a cabbage leaf, cut in half and peeled aloe leaves, baked onions. These means, as well as compresses, are usually applied to compaction at night. Many people are helped also by the iodine "mesh": it needs to be "drawn" on the buttock 3-4 times a day. With a successful and timely begun treatment, the infiltrate usually resolves in a few weeks, leaving no traces. However, if a painful compaction is formed at the injection site, accompanied by hyperemia (reddening), it is by no means possible to engage in self-medication! Such inflammation after a shot already requires consultation of the surgeon, since an abscess may occur in its place.

Abscess after the injection, which should be treatedtrust only specialists - one of the most dangerous postinjection complications. The site of the injection becomes hot and when pressed, pain is felt, at times quite strong. As a rule, in this case there was a violation of sterility: the abscess after the injection appears due to the penetration of gnomic microorganisms into the tissues. The earlier a patient turns to a specialist, the better: in most cases, modern drugs can defeat such inflammation at the initial stage. Before consultation with a doctor, you should not use any procedures (cold, thermal) yourself, you can not massage a painful area or rub medicines into it - all these measures can lead to the spread of an abscess.

Abscess after the injection is dangerous, above all, itscomplications: the patient has a fever, in the most severe cases, sepsis may occur. The course of the disease depends, first of all, on the time for seeking medical help, as well as on the general condition of the body: with reduced immunity abscesses of any nature are more difficult. It is only the surgeon who can determine how to treat the abscess after the injection in this patient, based on the visual examination data and the general condition of the patient.

Before the onset of purulent tissue melting,Postinjection abscesses are usually prescribed conservative treatment: physiotherapy (UHF), antibiotics. In complicated cases, an operation is performed - an abscess opening under local anesthesia. Then a course of treatment with anti-inflammatory and anesthetic drugs, daily dressings is carried out. After purifying the wound from pus, ointments and gels are used to promote tissue healing (Solcoseryl, Kuriosin, Bepanten). With the condition of timely treatment to a specialist, the postinjection abscess can be cured quickly and without complications.

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