Inflammation of tendons
At the present time, inflammation of the tendons iscommon problem. This is due to various loads on the muscles. In a professional language, this condition is called tendinitis. As a rule, the tendons are damaged in the place where they attach to the bone.
The causes of this disease canbe different. But the most common are still repetitive and excessive loads in certain types of professional activities or sports. Risk factors mainly include injuries, repetitive motions and thermal damage directly to the tendon.
Often, tendonitis accompanies somediseases, for example, such as diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis or obesity. It can hit almost any part of the body. There are several forms of tendinitis, which are the most common:
- Medial epicondylitis, the cause ofwhich is an inflammation of the tendons that attach to the medial ulnar epicondyle. With repeated movements with the use of force flexions of the hand and its rotation this form of the disease develops. Most often it occurs in golfers or baseball.
- Lateral epicondylitis - inflammation of the attached to external ulnar epicondyle of tendons. To the development of recurring constantly moving with the participation of rotation and extension of the wrist. This form, as a rule, is found in tennis players.
- Rotator cuff tendinitis - a condition that due to the exercise of certain sports that require movement of the arms above the head. This could be the shoulder of a volleyball player, swimmer or pitcher, since their repetitive movements cause inflammation of the muscle group that controls the rotation of the shoulder itself.
- Calcific tendinitis occurs when calcium deposits in the tendons of any localization with a fairly long course. Often there is a lesion of the rotator cuff.
- Inflammation of the biceps tendon located on the shoulder, namely in its front part. Causes its wear over time.
- Patellar tendonitis is inflammationdirectly patellar ligament attached to the patella. Such a defeat is inherent in jumpers, whose knees bear the load when working, repeated jumps or sudden movements.
- When running, jumping or other actions, whenwhich inevitably strains the calf muscles and the Achilles tendon occurs Achillotendinitis. With a prolonged inflammatory process, its rupture can often be observed.
- The inflammation of the tendon of the wrist of the thumb is called De Kerwen's tendovaginitis. It occurs with repetitive movements of the hand and wrist when lifting something heavy.
This phenomenon is similar to ordinary muscle pain,which is observed after overwork, and can often be painful. But in this case, unlike muscle discomfort, the pain does not go away, and with time it only becomes more stubborn. And if the tendons are subjected to a subsequent load, as before the moment of unpleasant sensations, then it will be very difficult to cope with this condition.
It doesn't matter if you are a professional.marathon runner or cleaner. When tendon inflammation occurs, treatment is required immediately. Moreover, it is possible not only to reduce the manifestation, but also to prevent serious exacerbations of tendinitis, by changing already established personal habits.
You can treat this condition withphysiotherapeutic methods, painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs. In more severe forms, antibiotics are used. And often - surgical treatment. But the most important thing is to reduce physical exertion on the affected area. In addition, wearing a fixing bandage is required.
Tendon inflammation is treated by the following methods: cold, rest, wearing prostheses (or fixing bandages), injections of growth factors and anti-inflammatory drugs (or their reception), as well as surgical treatment. Depending on what helps one patient or another better, applications of cold or heat, the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Indomethacin, Piracetam, Diclofenac) and analgesics (Promedol) are applied systemically or topically.
To avoid such a painful condition andthe last stages of the disease, which requires treatment by surgery, should promptly, at the first manifestations, contact a qualified specialist. And, of course, do not forget about prevention.