How to treat spasm of the esophagus?
Spasm of the esophagus implies aa disease characterized by an episodic disruption of the intestinal peristalsis itself, as well as the rhythm of the opening of the so-called lower food sphincter. According to experts, this ailment from all available diseases of the stomach and intestines is relatively rare. In a healthy person, the digestive process takes place without delay, therefore, food products in no way irritate the internal surface of the organs. In this article, we will talk about what constitutes spasm of the esophagus, the symptoms and treatment of this disease.
Why this ailment occurs
As food comes through the internal organsthere is a systematic reduction of them. Disturbance of motility in turn leads to very unpleasant consequences, namely, such a disease as spasm of the esophagus. The reasons for this can be very different. This and regular stressful situations, and mental arousal, and poorly chewed food.
At the moment, specialists conditionally distinguish two types of this ailment.
- Diffuse spasm of the esophagus is an uncoordinated organ reduction. In this case, as a rule, dysphagia is observed.
- Segmental spasm of the esophagus is a reductionorgan in some of its area with an excessive amplitude. In this case, the food passes, but the person himself is constantly in pain. As a rule, later the deformity of the esophagus develops.
Symptoms and Concomitant Phenomena
Most often, patients start complaining aboutsevere pain and discomfort in the sternum, which can give to the jaw and shoulders. It is noteworthy that unpleasant sensations arise both in the process of directly chewing food, and in the usual swallowing of saliva. According to experts, pain in some cases is amplified at the time of stressful experiences, as well as during excitement. At the end of the attack, patients often regurgitate a small amount of mucus.
According to qualified doctors, spasmthe esophagus is very difficult to treat. As a rule, Nitroglycerin, other anticholinergics (for example, Metacin) and calcium channel blockers (Nifepipin) are prescribed. Note that all these drugs only reduce the symptoms. To expand the organ is often used such a method, in which there is inflation of the balloon inside the esophagus itself. If all of the above methods are ineffective, then you must resort to surgical intervention. During the operation, the doctor dissects the muscular layer completely over the entire length of the organ. In this case, rehabilitation continues for several months.
In conclusion, it should be noted that a specific method of treatment is chosen exclusively by an experienced specialist. Very rarely have to resort to surgery.